According to OSHA, fit for duty means that an individual is in a physical, mental, and emotional state which enables the employee to perform the essential tasks of his or her work assignment in a manner which does NOT threaten the safety or health of oneself, co-workers, property, or the public at large.
Fit for duty tests are sometimes required by employers in order to gauge whether an employee is able to safely perform essential job functions. They also happen to be a good way to avoid workers’ compensation claims by identifying an at-risk employee prior to placement. The at-risk individual is anyone who is physically unready or unable to perform essential job functions. Fit for duty exams can identify and protect these persons from injury and employers from their next workers’ compensation claim. There are several different tests that fall into the fit for duty exam category, including: